We are pleased to announce new official Vagrant images of CentOS Linux 6.10 and CentOS Linux 7.6.1810 for x86_64. All included packages have been updated to February 28th, 2019.
- The VirtualBox Guest Additions are not preinstalled; if you need them for shared folders, please install the vagrant-vbguest plugin and add the following line to your Vagrantfile:
config.vm.synced_folder ".", "/vagrant", type: "virtualbox"
We recommend using NFS instead of VirtualBox shared folders if possible; you can also use the vagrant-sshfs plugin, which, unlike NFS, works on all operating systems.
- Since the Guest Additions are missing, our images are preconfigured to use rsync for synced folders. Windows users can either use SMB for synced folders, or disable the sync directory by adding the line
config.vm.synced_folder ".", "/vagrant", disabled: true
to their Vagrantfile, to prevent errors on "vagrant up".
- Installing open-vm-tools is not enough for enabling shared folders with Vagrant’s VMware provider. Please follow the detailed instructions in https://github.com/mvermaes/centos-vmware-tools
- Some people reported "could not resolve host" errors when running the centos/7 image for VirtualBox on Windows hosts. We don't have access to any Windows computer, but some people reported that adding the following line to the Vagrantfile fixed the problem:
vb.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--natdnshostresolver1", "off"]
Recommended Setup on the Host
Our automatic testing is running on a CentOS Linux 7 host, using Vagrant 1.9.4 with vagrant-libvirt and VirtualBox 5.1.20 (without the Guest Additions) as providers. We strongly recommend using the libvirt provider when stability is required.
The official images can be downloaded from Vagrant Cloud. We provide images for HyperV, libvirt-kvm, VirtualBox and VMware.
If you never used our images before:
vagrant box add centos/6 # for CentOS Linux 6, or... vagrant box add centos/7 # for CentOS Linux 7
Existing users can upgrade their images:
vagrant box update --box centos/6 vagrant box update --box centos/7
Verifying the integrity of the images
The SHA256 checksums of the images are signed with the CentOS 7 Official Signing Key. First, download and verify the checksum file:
$ curl http://cloud.centos.org/centos/7/vagrant/x86_64/images/sha256sum.txt.asc -o sha256sum.txt.asc $ gpg --verify sha256sum.txt.asc
Once you are sure that the checksums are properly signed by the CentOS Project, you have to include them in your Vagrantfile (Vagrant unfortunately ignores the checksum provided from the command line). Here's the relevant snippet from my own Vagrantfile, using v1803.01 and VirtualBox:
Vagrant.configure(2) do |config| config.vm.box = "centos/7" config.vm.provider :virtualbox do |virtualbox, override| virtualbox.memory = 1024 override.vm.box_download_checksum_type = "sha256" override.vm.box_download_checksum = "b24c912b136d2aa9b7b94fc2689b2001c8d04280cf25983123e45b6a52693fb3" override.vm.box_url = "https://cloud.centos.org/centos/7/vagrant/x86_64/images/CentOS-7-x86_64-Vagrant-1803_01.VirtualBox.box" end end
If you encounter any unexpected issues with the Vagrant images, feel free to ask on the centos-devel mailing list, or in #centos on Freenode IRC.
I would like to warmly thank Brian Stinson, Fabian Arrotin and Thomas Oulevey for their work on the build infrastructure, as well as Patrick Lang from Microsoft for testing and feedback on the Hyper-V images. I would also like to thank the CentOS Project Lead, Karanbir Singh, without whose years of continuous support we wouldn't have had the Vagrant images in their present form.
I would also like to thank the following people (in alphabetical order):
- Graham Mainwaring, for helping with tests and validations;
- Michael Vermaes, for testing our official images, as well as for writing the detailed guide to using them with VMware Fusion Pro and VMware Workstation Pro;
- Kirill Kalachev, for reporting and debugging the host name errors with VirtualBox on Windows hosts.
4 thoughts on "Updated CentOS Vagrant Images Available (v1902.01)"
When it came timer to verify the integrity of the checksum file, I got an error:
Douglas-MacBook-Pro:Vagrant doug$ gpg --verify sha256sum.txt.asc
gpg: Signature made Tue Mar 5 06:55:16 2019 PST
gpg: using RSA key 24C6A8A7F4A80EB5
gpg: Can't check signature: No public key
It is unclear to me which public key is not being found, and how I was supposed to retrieve it.
You may want to update this page:
Is there a trick to ssh into the box?
$ ssh root@(ip address) ends up as a fail. I would have thought login: root and pw: vagrant would get me into the box. Am i doing this correctly?
By the way, many thanks to the folks doing the work to provide these valuable tools.
You need to change PasswordAuthentication to yes, on /etc/sshd_config and restart sshd service.
Vagrant uses keys because the passwords are public, thus not secure to use if your VMs are accessible even in the local network. Our Vagrant images were designed to be secure despite the known passwords. Your advice undoes all that.
Just use 'vagrant ssh' as the Vagrant documentation recommends.