We are pleased to announce new official Vagrant images of CentOS Linux 6.9 and CentOS Linux 7.3.1611 for x86_64, featuring updated packages to 30 April 2017 and the following changes:
- kdump has been removed from the images, since it needs to reserve 160MB + 2bits/4kB RAM for the crash kernel, and automatic allocation only works on systems with at least 2GB RAM
- The VirtualBox Guest Additions are not preinstalled; if you need them for shared folders, please install the vagrant-vbguest plugin and add the following line to your Vagrantfile:
config.vm.synced_folder ".", "/vagrant", type: "virtualbox"
. Please note that there is a bug in VirtualBox 5.1.20 that prevents vagrant-vbguest from working.
We recommend using NFS instead of VirtualBox shared folders if possible. You can also use the vagrant-sshfs plugin, which, unlike NFS, works on all operating systems.
- Since the Guest Additions are missing, our images are preconfigured to use rsync for synced folders. Windows users can either use SMB for synced folders, or disable the sync directory by adding the line
config.vm.synced_folder ".", "/vagrant", disabled: true
to their Vagrantfile, to prevent errors on "vagrant up".
- Vagrant 1.8.5 is unable to create new CentOS Linux boxes due to Vagrant bug #7610
- Vagrant 1.8.7 is unable to download or update boxes due to Vagrant bug #7969.
- Vagrant 1.9.1 broke private networking, see Vagrant bug #8166
- Vagrant 1.9.3 doesn't work with SMB sync due to Vagrant bug #8404
- The vagrant-libvirt plugin is only compatible with Vagrant 1.5 to 1.8
- Installing open-vm-tools is not enough for enabling shared folders with Vagrant’s VMware provider. Please follow the detailed instructions in https://github.com/mvermaes/centos-vmware-tools (updated for this release).
Recommended Setup on the Host
Our automatic testing is running on a CentOS Linux 7 host, using Vagrant 1.9.3 with vagrant-libvirt and VirtualBox 5.1.20 (without the Guest Additions) as providers. We strongly recommend using the libvirt provider when stability is required.
We also performed additional manual testing with Vagrant 1.9.4 on OS X 10.11.6, with VirtualBox 5.1.20.
The official images can be downloaded from Hashicorp’s Atlas. We provide images for libvirt-kvm, VirtualBox and VMware.
If you never used our images before:
vagrant box add centos/6 # for CentOS Linux 6, or... vagrant box add centos/7 # for CentOS Linux 7
Existing users can upgrade their images:
vagrant box update --box centos/6 vagrant box update --box centos/7
Verifying the integrity of the images
The SHA256 checksums of the images are signed with the CentOS 7 Official Signing Key. First, download and verify the checksum file:
$ curl http://cloud.centos.org/centos/7/vagrant/x86_64/images/sha256sum.txt.asc -o sha256sum.txt.asc $ gpg --verify sha256sum.txt.asc
If the check passed, you can use the corresponding checksum when downloading the image with Vagrant:
$ vagrant box add --checksum-type sha256 --checksum f8cd95ce24fd9f615dd38bbf8b6c285a916a4cac1d98ada4ab16d6626468032b --provider libvirt --box-version 1704.01 centos/7
Unfortunately, this is not possible with
vagrant box update.
If you encounter any unexpected issues with the Vagrant images, feel free to ask on the centos-devel mailing list, or via IRC, in #centos on Freenode.
We would like to thank Fabian Arrotin and Thomas Oulevey for their work on the build infrastructure.
We would also like to thank the following people (listed alphabetically):
- Graham Mainwaring, for helping with tests and validations
- Michael Vermaes, for testing our official images, as well as for writing the detailed guide to using them with VMware Fusion Pro and VMware Workstation Pro.